Sights and monuments: Tidis vestiges, Kasbah city, megalithic cemetery has Ouled Rahmoun, mausoleum of the Massinissa, palace Ahmed bey, mosque and bridges of the old city of Constantine, Djebel el Ouahch.



Relief :

dry and hot climate in summer, cold winter and characterize by strong precipitations (400 Ã 600 mm/an); relief dominates by mountains and hills being part of Atlas Tally; main wadis: Boumerzoug and Rhummel.


Historic preview

Different civilizations, whose first goes back to the 4th geological era, followed Cirta, today Constantine: punique, numide,

Roman, Byzantine, vandal and, finally, Muslim (fatimide, hammadite, almohade, hafside, Turkish).

These civilizations let the traces and numerous, notably megalithic vestiges (in Ouled Rahmoune and in Sidi Messid with the

caves of bear and the mouflon), numides (mausoleum of Massinissa, steles coming from the sanctuary of visible El-Hofra in the

Cirta museum), Roman (arcades) and Muslim (mosque Sidi Lakhdar, palace of the Turkish governor Ahmed bey).

The bridges of Constantine constitute testimonies of several times.

Constantine played important roles of which the one of the Numidie, that spread from Gafsa (Capsa-Tunisia) in the Muluccha


Several historians and men of culture certify his intellectual and spiritual radiation that it saw to be born or that it accommodated

such Kounfouds lbn, El-Khatib lbn, Hamza lbn, Lefkoun lbn, Réda Houhous, Malek Haddads, and the Jewish singers.



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