Population : 555.485 inhabitants
Communes of Annaba: (Wilaya Code: 23).
Ain Berda, Annaba, Berrahel, Chetaibi, Cheurfa, El Bouni, El Hadjar, Eulma, Oued El Aneb, Seraidi, Sidi Amer, Treat.
Located in edge of sea at the East of the country, Annaba was founded at the 12th century before Jesus-Christ. Favorite resident of kings of Numidie, it suffers the consequence of the war which opposed Cesar to Pompee, and becomes Roman following the victory of Cesar and the annexation of Numidie in year 46 before Jesus Christ.
Annaba with the reputation to be an accessible, open and tolerant city. Annaba - or Hippo-Regius, Hippone, Bouna and Bône - knew the presence of Numides and the occupation of Pheniciens, the Carthaginians, the Romans (Augustin saint was the bishop from 395 to 430), of the Vandals, Fatimides, Zirides, of Hamadites, to which testify some vestiges after a fashion preserved.
The ancient city, founded by Pheniciens on Bejjina, an at one time navigable river and now diverted. At the 16th century, it accepted the name of ANNABA due to the presence of the many jujube trees which pushed in the area. In 1522, the city knew the print of the Othoman empire, 1535 to 1540: occupied by the Spaniards 1832, In fact Bône was occupied by the French troops, occupation which will last until the independence of Algeria, in 1962.
Today: Place chief of a wilaya (department) of 556.000 inhabitants, coastal city. Leaned with the solid mass of Edough; the site of Annaba is a definitely individualized area where group agricultural resources, forest, mining and industrial. Fourth town of Algeria after Algiers - Oran - and Constantine, it became university town in 1975. With the basilica Saint-Augustin, with 2 kilometers of the course of the Revolution, the forum and the museum Romans. The Arab city founded by Sanhadjas to the XI E century and whose heart is the place of Weapons, behind the course of the Revolution. But also the French city, with this Bertagna course whose alleys were the favorite walk of the European families, saturdays - there were the alley of the young people, that of young people and, finally, that of the old men.
Annaba, so called the city of the jujube trees, the fourth Algerian city is located in the Eastern part of the coast of Algeria. to 600 km of Algiers, in west of the gulf Khelij El Morjane, more known under the name of gulf of Bône.
It is crossed in Its southern part by 2 rivers: Seybouse whose mouth, on nearly three km, lent itself to the operations ships with small draught and Bejjima which was at one time very moved back in the center of the ancient city, HIPPONE. The City extends on a flat ground and embraces with little meadows 18 to 20 km2. Annaba (anc. Bône) is a port of the Mediterranean close to the mouth of Seybouse. Picturesque the old working with its narrow streets and its bazaars still exists, and of the specimens of modern French architecture côtoient traditional buildings.
Emerged of one of the richest agricultural plains of the country, the city is also the center of a great industrial activity. Industry developed since the end of the Second World war. One counts there in particular factories of aluminium and chemicals as well as workshops of automotive and railway engineering. Annaba is the principal port of the east of Algeria and an important exporter of minerals (iron, phosphates, zinc) in the Mediterranean. Other exports are consisted cork (coming from the wooded plate of Edough, with the foot of which the city is), cereals, wool and the skins. On the site of Annaba was formerly Aphrodisium, port of the old Roman city of Hippo Regius (Hippone), whose ruins still exist.
Annaba is also a university town with large national institutes and an important university center with Sidi Amar, close to the iron and steel complex of El Hadjar. Nerve centre, active city, Annaba have a large station of railroads from which leave the national trains, regional and of suburbs whereas its road stations serve hundreds of destination (broad outline with Sidi Brahim and Banlieue with El Hattab). Its airport, Annaba them Salines receives several daily flights (4 of Algiers) and of the weekly flights for Paris, Marseilles, Lyon, Djeddah, Oran and the cities of the South of the country. Annaba is a tourist city very appreciated by the visitors who call besides it the vain one. famous for its Roman ruins of Hippone the royal one and its basilica which bears the name of that which was the bishop of the city: Saint Augustin.