Sights and monuments: from the old Saida: to the prehistoric underground cave, a camp of Emir Abd El Kader as well as of the ruins on the platter of the Djeddarses, considered in 1893 like the most beautiful ruins (visible sites), important ruins in the Maata village (Youb) dominant Berbour wadi; ruins of Sidi Ahmed (visible sites).


Relief :

hot and dry climate in summer (36 degree and over), cold in winter (0 to 4 degrees) with frequent frosts, mountains,: gone western, mounts of Dhaia, to the south high plains.

Rainfall: 200 to 600 mm/an, borers (21,8% of the total surface), main wadis: Saida, Abd, Tifret, Berbour.


Historic preview

The city have been developed since it has known a long Roman domination, marked by many local uprisings, and one period of instability, under the authority of the dynasty of the Djeddarses, of the zone of Frenda.

The city becomes Islamic in the VIIIe century (Gregorian time table), after a transition with the Banou Hillals the city was integrated to kingdom of Tahert. It is a period splonder that sees the development of the literary and scientific activities.

Follow each other, until the XVe centuries, the dynasties of the Almoravids, Almohadeses and Zianideses of Tlemcen, then it is to the tour of the Turks to appear and to make of the region an Aghalik power placed under the authority of the Mascara bey.

With facing the French colonial penetration, he affirmed himself the national resistance guided by emir Abdelkader and he finds in Saida a total support.



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